. Young people’s lung are susceptible to the toxic impact of air pollution in Bike Lanes on major boulevards and places like the Hyperion Bridge.
http://1.usa.gov/1MwIU3K Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Jun; 118(6): 783–789. Published online 2010 Feb 25. doi: 10.1289/ehp.0901622 PMCID: PMC2898854 Research Commuters’ Exposure to Particulate Matter Air Pollution Is Affected by Mode of Transport, Fuel Type, and Route
. While all cyclists suffer from the toxic impact from riding along boulevards with high concentrations of air pollution, the young are at a much greater risk.
. Nonetheless, Garcetti’s Mobile Pan 2035 [MP 2035] is urging parents and others to have children and teens use so called “protected bike lanes” along major boulevards. In the Atwater area, Garcetti and councilmember-elect Ryu are promoting Bike Lanes on the Hyperion Bridge despite the fact the City recognized that it has a viable option to construct Bike Lanes over the piers for the old Red Car.
. Zwartz Talk would not bring Garcettism© into this discussion without evidence of his Mobility Plan 2035’s conscious deception to mislead Angelenos. Many Angelenos fall for the Myth of Bike Lanes in heavily trafficked boulevards because they are preceded with the word “protected.”
. The word “Protected” diverts the public’s attention in two ways:
. 1. Like a magician who wants us to look over “there” while he does some stuff over “here,” the words “protected Bike Lanes” bring to mind the danger of accidents with cars.
. 2. That way The Mobility Plan 2035 misdirects our attention away from the significant Health Risks
. The health danger of our children slowly accumulating fine particulate matter deep into their lungs is not as visually dramatic as their being run down by a bus, but it is real. Worldwide, studies agree that Bike Lanes should be away from major boulevards.
. When citizens did, however, raise the health danger in response to the Draft EIR, Garcettism© came into play. The City’s responses are in the Final EIR’s Master Response 4: Potential Air Quality Effects from Project. [Response 4]
. The City’s responses are so far off the mark, that the best word to describe them is fraudulent. They are reminiscent of the Tobacco Industry’s claims that smoking is good for you. For example:
The studies reveal that pedestrians and cyclists experience lower fine particulate matter and CO exposure concentrations in comparison to those inside vehicles (the vehicle shell provides no protection to passengers). Final EIR for MP 2035, page 2-17
. 2. The issue is whether bike lanes should be on major boulevards or located away from boulevards on residential streets.
. 3. The study which the City cites, The Kaur Study, is based on The Netherlands which has a network of Bike Lanes which are already removed from busy streets.
. 4. The City omits the most important finding from the Kaur Study:
In general, the exposure studies examined revealed pedestrians and cyclists to experience lower fine particulate matter and CO exposure concentrations in comparison to those inside vehicles—the vehicle shell provided no protection to the passengers. Proximity to the pollutant sources had a significant impact on exposure concentration levels experienced, consequently individuals should be encouraged to use back street routes. Kaur Study Abstract http://bit.ly/1MzVC1N
. When one reads what the City wrote in its Response, it is maddening to see that they quoted the abstract right up to the point that the Kaur Study completely repudiated the idea that Bike Lanes should be on heavily traffic boulevards.
. Because we are discussing the health of our children and pointing out the Myths and Lies of Garcettism©, we need to emphasize this intentional deception. The Kaur Study conclusion to keep Bike Lanes away from major streets is right there up front in the article’s abstract. There was no need to wade through a lot of science stuff. Right there was the article’s conclusion: “Proximity to the pollutant sources had a significant impact on exposure concentration levels experienced, consequently individuals should be encouraged to use back street routes.”
. In fact, the world has a consensus that Bike Lanes should not be placed on heavily traffic boulevards. There is no way that the Garcetti Administration could have inadvertently missed the worldwide agreement. Had Garcetti allowed the EIR to fully acknowledge the world’s decision on the location of Bike Lanes, there would be no Bike Lanes proposed for Reseda Boulevard, Sherman Way, Devonshire. Manchester, Venice, Westwood, Vermont south of Slauson, Martin Luther King, or the Hyperion Bridge.
. Following is a sampling of the studies of which conclude that Bike Lanes should be away from major boulevards.
. 1. http://1.usa.gov/1MwIU3K Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Jun; 118(6): 783–789. Published online 2010 Feb 25. doi: 10.1289/ehp.0901622 PMCID: PMC2898854 Research Commuters’ Exposure to Particulate Matter Air Pollution Is Affected by Mode of Transport, Fuel Type, and Route
Results: We found that median PNC exposures were highest in diesel buses (38,500 particles/cm3) and for cyclists along the high-traffic intensity route (46,600 particles/cm3) and lowest in electric buses (29,200 particles/cm3). Median PM10 exposure was highest from diesel buses (47 µg/m3) and lowest along the high- and low-traffic bicycle routes (39 and 37 µg/m3). The median soot exposure was highest in gasoline-fueled cars (9.0 × 10-5/m), diesel cars (7.9 × 10-5/m), and diesel buses (7.4 × 10-5/m) and lowest along the low-traffic bicycle route (4.9 × 10-5/m). Because the minute ventilation (volume of air per minute) of cyclists, which we estimated from measured heart rates, was twice the minute ventilation of car and bus passengers, we calculated that the inhaled air pollution doses were highest for cyclists. With the exception of PM10, we found that inhaled air pollution doses were lowest for electric bus passengers. [bold added]
. 2. http://bit.ly/1F3cF65 2011 Determination of Personal Exposure to Traffic Pollution While Travelling by Different Modes, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Auckland, New Zealand
This research also makes it clear that the exposure of cyclists can be substantially reduced further by providing cyclists with spatial separation from vehicle exhaust, and that substantial benefits can be achieved by relatively small degrees of separation (5-10m) [16 to 32 feet]. Conclusion of New Zealand Study page 10
. 3. http://1.usa.gov/1JB3XST 2013, Oregon Climate Smart Communities Scenarios Health Impact Assessment
There is evidence that drivers and passengers of cars and buses are exposed to air pollution at levels similar to or exceeding those of pedestrians and cyclists [118 – 120]. There is also evidence that air pollution exposure is higher for pedestrians and bicyclists along busy roadways than next to roads with less traffic. A study underway in Portland has demonstrated that pedestrian exposure on a high – volume roadway is greater than driving exposure, but less than bus exposure. Travel along lower – volume roadways significantly reduced pedestrian exposure . Oregon Study pages 31-32
. While the Oregon Study focused on air-quality inside cars, it was able to extrapolate to people living, walking and cycling near heavily trafficked roads.
Those outside of cars may also be impacted, including residents of housing less than 300 meters (~1,000 feet) from a major road (more than 10,000 motor vehicles per day), and bicycle and pedestrian commuters along major roads. Oregon Study Page 32
. Rather than inform the public that Bike Lanes along major boulevards pose a significant health risk to children, the Mobility Plan 2035 obfuscated this widely known fact. If the public knew about the health risks, it would not tolerate the construction of Bike Lanes in the worst possible locations.
. 4. http://bit.ly/1eX5Spv Education Code § 17213 prohibits School within 500 feet of Freeway or major traffic corridor
. Since 2003 California Education Code § 17213 prohibits a new school to be built “within 500 feet of the edge of the closest traffic lane of a freeway or other busy traffic corridor” unless there is no alternative. State law recognizes the health hazard of being close to a busy traffic corridor. Yet, The City plans to construct Bike Lanes in the busy, high pollution corridors which the State deems such a health hazard that schools have to be 500 feet away.
. The worst possible place for a child to ride a bike is in a Bike Lane on a busy street like Reseda Boulevard, Sherman Way, Devonshire. Manchester, Venice, Westwood, Vermont south of Slauson, Martin Luther King, or Hyperion Bridge, etc. Garcetti’s Mobility Plan 2035 went out of its way to mislead and deceive people into believing that we should built Bike Lanes in the worst possible places.
. The Mobility Plan 2035 is materially defective due to its fatally flawed data. Whenever significant new information is available prior to the adoption of the Final EIR by the City Council, the City has to redo the EIR or that portion of the EIR to which the new information pertains.
. The Hyperion Bridge should have no Bike Lanes on the bridge itself, but instead the City should use the piers for the old Red Cars.